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What is tooth extraction and what does it involve?

What is tooth extraction?

It is the process of completely removing one or more teeth from its socket. Tooth extraction is normally done by an oral surgeon or general dentists and periodontists. However, milk teeth do not require intervention from a dentist for removal. It loosens and gives way to permanent teeth.

There are two types of tooth extraction :

Simple dental extraction

This refers to the process of removal of teeth that are visible in the mouth. This is probably the most common kind of extraction wherein the dentist numbs the affected area of the mouth with local anesthesia and pulls out the tooth/teeth with the help of forceps.

Surgical dental extraction

This is a more complicated form of extraction which involves the removal of teeth which aren’t readily accessible with instruments or aren’t visible. This could be because the teeth haven’t erupted through the gum or have been fractured under the gum.
In this case, a small incision is made in the connective tissue around the tooth to gain access to it and elevate it for removal. At times, a small portion of the jawbone is also removed during the surgery.

What is its procedure?

The procedure starts with a thorough examination of your oral health and overall health. In case of chronic diseases, allergies, etc. a detailed report on your medication history is obtained by the doctors and they may recommend you the temporarily the stop the consumption of certain medications before the extraction. You may have to visit the clinic one or more times before the extraction.

Right before the extraction a sedative may be given to you to ease anxiety. Then a local anesthetic is injected to the gum to numb the affected area. Once the targeted area is numb, the dentist grabs the tooth with a dental instrument and rocks it side to side to loosen it before totally removing it.

You may feel a slight plug of the tooth in your gum but the procedure is mostly painless. Depending on the complexity of the decay, the procedure can range from a few minutes to half an hour. After the removal is done, the patient may or may not require stitches in the gum to close the incision. Thereafter, a soft cotton pad is placed over the gum, which you could bite in to control bleeding.

The doctor will then give you a list of foods or fluids that you can consume for a period of time. He may also prescribe pain medication or antibiotics depending on the condition.

What are the risks?

After a few hours a one may sometimes experience these:

Frequently Asked Questions

Normally, anesthesia is administered on the patient to numb the targeted area. Also, may-a-time, a sedative is given to the patient before the extraction of ease anxiety. So, the procedure is mostly painless. Although, if the decay and infection is severe one might feel pain, so dentists sometimes prescribe antibiotics for a few days before the extraction to make sure the surgery is relatively pain free.
After the surgery, a detailed aftercare routine which involves instructions and guidelines for at-home care is given to the patient. And if you want to recover as soon as possible, following the routine diligently is a non-negotiable. However, the recovery period varies from patient to patient.
It allows the reconstruction of the mouth, stops infection and rot from spreading in the mouth. It can also be instrumental in prevents recurrence of gum diseases. Due to infection or decay, patients go through a lot of pain; tooth extraction is an efficient way to help you get rid of the infection and the pain.
The cost of tooth extractions varies from case to case. Normally, surgical extractions cost more than the simple ones. The price depends on the nature and complexity of extraction. However, it is very straightforward and it covered by most dental insurances.
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