What is tooth extraction and what does it involve?
What is tooth extraction?
It is the process of completely removing one or more teeth from its socket. Tooth extraction is normally done by an oral surgeon or general dentists and periodontists. However, milk teeth do not require intervention from a dentist for removal. It loosens and gives way to permanent teeth.
There are two types of tooth extraction :
Simple dental extraction
This refers to the process of removal of teeth that are visible in the mouth. This is probably the most common kind of extraction wherein the dentist numbs the affected area of the mouth with local anesthesia and pulls out the tooth/teeth with the help of forceps.
Surgical dental extraction
What is its procedure?
Right before the extraction a sedative may be given to you to ease anxiety. Then a local anesthetic is injected to the gum to numb the affected area. Once the targeted area is numb, the dentist grabs the tooth with a dental instrument and rocks it side to side to loosen it before totally removing it.
You may feel a slight plug of the tooth in your gum but the procedure is mostly painless. Depending on the complexity of the decay, the procedure can range from a few minutes to half an hour. After the removal is done, the patient may or may not require stitches in the gum to close the incision. Thereafter, a soft cotton pad is placed over the gum, which you could bite in to control bleeding.
The doctor will then give you a list of foods or fluids that you can consume for a period of time. He may also prescribe pain medication or antibiotics depending on the condition.