Everything about Gum Diseases
What is gum (periodontal) disease?
The earliest stage of gum disease is Gingivitis which includes inflammation of the tissues surrounding and supporting the teeth. Gingivitis causes the gum to become red and swollen and, bleed easily. At this phase, there is little or no discomfort and is normally the consequence of poor oral hygiene. However, Gingivitis could be the precursor and indicator of the more severe periodontitis.
Left untreated, Gingivitis can take an advanced form. When plaque or a sticky film of bacteria grows below the gum line; toxins are released by the bacteria that irritate the gum. The toxins destroy the bones and the tissues that support the teeth. As the disease takes a severe turn, the infection keeps spreading and might reach the root of the teeth. In this case, the last resort would be to extract the infected tooth.
What are the causes?
When we brush and floss our teeth, we make sure that we are getting rid of “plaque.” “Plaque” is a colorless substance made with mucus and bacteria in the mouth which sticks to the teeth. Inadequate dental care hardens the plaque and turns it into “tartar.” Regular brushing cannot clean “Tartar.” Only a dentist can take care of that. “Tartar” is one of the major contributing factors in causing a gum disease.
While there could be many risk factors for a gum disease, the most significant is smoking. Smoking can also reduce the efficiency of the treatment for gum disease. Other factors include, diabetes, hormonal imbalances in women, medications that lessen the flow of saliva, other severe conditions like AIDS and their medications.
The common symptoms of gum diseases are:
Symptoms of gum disease include:
What are the ways to prevent gum disease?
To put it the words of our mothers, brush your teeth twice daily! To prevent Gingivitis and Periodontitis, maintaining good oral hygiene and controlling plaque is imperative. Brushing your teeth regularly to ensures removal of plaque from the surface of the teeth and flossing allows you to get rid of plaque stuck between your teeth.
The other things to keep in mind in order to prevent gum disease are; quitting smoking or severely reducing it, boosting the immune system by cutting out stress and boosting the immune system. Other than that, switch to a low sugar, low carb, healthy and a holistic diet which will strengthen your immune system and enable it to fight infections and diseases.